Curriculum

 

MAHALAKSHMI PANDU RANGA RAO MALYALA
INSTITUTE OF SPRIRITUAL SCIENCE, HIGHER LEARNING AND VEDA RESEARCH
                                                                                                              
 
 
SYLLABUS
AND DESCRIPTION OF
THE COURSE OF STUDY
 
THE VEDAS ARE ULTRA SOUND VIBRATIONS
 The Vedas are apourusham, (not composed by human beings) or divine creation. Willing to create the whole cosmos, God deposited His seed of energy in Kara water (consciousness­). From this Hiraya Garbha (golden egg brilliant as the Sun) emanated Brahma who meditated in the egg, and heard the voice of the Vedas, and created the universe with the wisdom of the Vedas. All planets, stellar bodies and the eight directions were thus created, as also the different lokas (orbs). The four Vedas, in fact, are one, like one single outlet controlling multiple electrical appliances. The sruti (what is heard) says that the g, Yajur, Sama Vedas represent fire, air and Sun respectively, each a mini-universe by itself containing the essence of God but with different powers. The seers in a state of samadhi (Sama + adh­i) or thoughtless super-conscious state divined the Vedic radio signals, and passed them on orally. Thus, the Vedas are the eternal voice of the divine will, and have the inherent quality to bring about that state of samadhi or absolute peace, equanimity and infinite joy when recited with proper intonation that produces perfect vibrations. The mind, the intellect, the consciousness and the ego are the four faces of Brahma, the creator.
The Vedas cultivate both material and spiritual abundance. For instance, Agnistoma and Jyotistoma integrate light particles to form matter for material fulfillment. Some parts of the Vedas instruct how to achieve infinite divine energy and lasting bliss through universal effulgence which removes igno­rance, clears all doubts when all past, present and future activities come to a pause! The nuclear and other energies pale into nothing when compared with this divine energy and power. The ultimate goal is expansion of the jiva (the individual soul) and its merging with the brahman (the beginningless and endless Continuum).
           The body of Jiva (Being) is adhi bhautikam (pertaining to the Supreme Spirit), its mind is adhi daivika (again, influenced by that Supreme Divinity) and its intellect is adhyatmikam (once again, a component of that Supreme Spirit); they are respec­tive symbols of matter and the attachment thereto, the deific nature, and the spirituality. By right action, worship or knowledge, or a combination of any of those, one can realize the true and glorious nature of Jiva which is verily Brahman or the One and Ultimate Reality. The scriptures - samhitas, brahmaas and upanishads - show us the path towards           sat-chit-ananda (the essence of existence, unsullied consciousness and true bliss). The unitary method is to overcome the three attributes and their inherent energies of satva, raja, tama (the noble and benign, the aggressive and material, and the dull and indolent respectively), which dominate all actions. Narayaa Vaidya (Vishu) and Vaidyanat­h­a (Siva) are our Divine Guides in this noble pursuit.
There are four Vedas – RG, Yajur, Saman, and Atharva. Yajur Veda can be studied in either its Sukla Yajur Veda form or Krishna Yajur form. Students at the Institute train in one of the four Vedas. The first year of study at the School does not involve detailed study of the chosen Veda. Instead, students learn some simple stotrams and ceremonies, master the fundamentals of the Sanskrit language, study English, study science and math, and purify their minds with the practice of meditation and other spiritual techniques. Following the first year, they begin serious study of the Veda. 
Each Veda has a central rescension or Samhitas, and also ancillary parts, such as the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, Prathishakyas, and various sutras, which the student studies separately. 
What follows is a description of the study program for each Veda. The Institute teaches the Veda following the traditional lunar calendar in South India. The calendar is broken into two halves pertaining to the waxing and waning of the moon. Two of the biweekly sessions last approximately one month. There are 21 sections in the school year, with remaining weeks of the year left for special occasions (world peace yagnas), holidays, vacation, study hall, etc.
While performing a yagna the hotru (head priest) recites RG Veda; Adhvaryudu Yajur Veda; Udgatha Sama Veda and Brahma Atharvana Veda. All the mantras in the Vedas are cognized by different saints in their supra Concious state. Therefore in all the suktams the name of the saint, chandas, and the appropriate divinity or devatha are cited. The chandas will protect the reciter. Per each mantra/sound there is a corresponding shape of a divine energy.If the mantra is recited or vibrated properly the energy of that vibration invokes the divinity of that particular type. The interpretation of which mantra to be used in which yagna is called viniyoga vakhya. All these subject matter is compiled in the anukramanika (indices).
 
The limbs of the Veda are 1. Siksha - phonetics and sound pitches, 2. Vyakaranam – grammer, 3. Nirukta – etymology of words, 4. Chanda Sastra- prosody of Vedic manthras, 5. Jyothisha – astrology and astronomy 6. Kalpa Sutras- rules for performing Vedic rites.
All this higher learning knowledge is called as veda vangmayamu.
 
Brahmaas
Definition: The applied Science (Practical Knowledge) in utilizing (Rg, Yajur, Sama, Atharvana) (commentaries or treatises) in performing the yagnas or yagas are called Brahmanas .The hidden or secret knowledge about the Brahma (Truth or self knowledge or Realization) reveal the Brahmanas through explanations, stories (Upakhyana). Another definition is CONDUCTOR of YAGA is Brahma & also called as a Brahmanas.
     Brahmaas are the second part of the Vedas. The explanations and applied science dealing with the Samhi­tas are known as Brahmaas, according to the Satapada Brahmaam. Some western scholars and Dayananda Saras­wati of rya Samaj infer that the term is derived from Brahma who is the prime conductor of yajas as a result of His thorough knowledge of the Vedas. Jaimini says that all the Vedas to the exclusion of mantras are Brahm­aas. ps­thamba concludes that Brahmaas prescribe duties. Sayaa says that the preraa and vidhis - rational explanations - are contained in the Brahmaas.
Yagas are prescribed with a special prayojana (applica­tion) of two types: the Apravtta Pravartakam (the energy which prompts the performance the yaga), and Ajata Japakam (the matter that enables one to know the unknown).
Arthavadam are the actions and prize of such actions. Arthavakyas are the prohibited actions.
Brahmaas have 4 branches:
Stuti or Prasamsa: For instance, vayurvai kshepista Devata. Wind (air) travels fast so that the fufillment can be faster.
Ninda protects from prohibited acts. Example: upavita va etasyajayaha.
Prakti warns against the prohibited actions.
Purakalpam describes an itihasa of that name. Exam­ple: pura brahmaa abhishuhu.
Essentially brahmaas define the yaja procedure and how to apply the technical knowledge enunciated in the Samhita mantras. All Vedic scholars prize the brahmaas as an invaluable treasure.
 
UPANISHADS
          The Upanishads are authentic and authoritative, as they share the glory of the Vedas. They are 1180 in number, but, through the centuries, many of them disappeared from human memory and only 108 have now survived. Of these, 13 have attained great popularity, as a result of the depth and value of their contents.
           The sage Vyasa classified the Upanishads and allotted them among the four Vedas; The Rigveda has 21 branches and each branch has one Upanishad allotted to it. The Yajurveda has 109 branches and 109 Upanishads. The Atharva Veda has 50 branches and 50 Upanishads were its share.         The Sama Veda has a thousand branches and the balance, namely, 1000 Upanishads were its share. Thus, the 1180 Upanishads were assigned by Vyasa to the Four Vedas.
            Sankaracharya raised the status of ten among the Upanishads by selecting them for writing his commentaries and so they became especially important. Humanity stands to gain or fall by these ten. All who are seeking human welfare and progress are now apprehending whether even these ten will be forgotten, for, neglecting them will usher in moral and spiritual disaster. There is no reason, however, for such fears. The Vedas can never be harmed. Pundits and those with faith should resolve to present before humanity these ten Upanishads at least. They are Isa, Kena, Katha, Prasna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Thaithiriya, Aithareya, Chandogya and Brihadaranyaka.
             The remaining 98 are: Brahma, Kaivalya, Svethasva, Jabali, Hamsa, Garbha, Aruni, Paramahamsa, Amrithanada, Narayani, Amrithabindu, Atharvasikha, Atharvasira, Kasi thara, Mathrayani, Nrisimhatapani, Brahmajabala, Mai-threya, Kalagnirudra, Sulabha, Manthrika, Kshithi, Nira-alamba, Sarvahara, Vajrasuchika, Subharahasva, Thejobindu, Nadabindu, Dhyanabindu, Brahmavidya, Atmabodhaka, Yoga, Thathwa, Naradaparivrajaka, Brahmana, Sita, Yogachuda-mani, Nirvaana, Mandala, Dakshinamurthi, Skandaa, Sarabha, Adwaitha, Thaaraka, Mahanarayana, Sowbhagya-lakshmi, Saraswathirahasya, Mukthika, Bhavaricha, Rama-thapana, Ramarahasya, Mudgali, Vasudeva, P i n g a l a, Sandilya, Mahabhikshuka, Yogasiksha, Sanyasa, Thuriya-thitha, Parmaparivrajaka, Narasimha, Akshamalika, Anna-poorna, Ekakshara, Akshika, Adhathya, Surya, Kundisakhya, Aatma, Savithri, Parabrahma, Pasupatha, Thripurathapana, Avadhootha, Thripura, Devi, Bhavana, Katha, Yogakundali, Rudrahrdaya, Rudraksha, Bhasma, Darsana, Ganapathi, Thahasata, Mahavakya, Panchabrahma, Gopalathapani, Pranagnihothra, Garuda, Krishna, Datthatreya, Varaaha, Yajnavalkya, Sathyaayana, Avvektha, Hayagriva, and Kalisantharna.
          The Upanishads have also inspired other works on Geography, Astronomy, Astrology, Economic and Political Theory, as well as the 18 Puranas comprising Skanda, Siva, Garuda and others. The Vedas and the Upanishads are the very foundation for Sanathana Dharma.
 
There is one interesting feature to be noted. This religion has no one Founder as the others have. That invisible unknown founder is God, the source of all wisdom. He is the Prophet of this Sanathana Dharma. He is the Founder; His Grace and His Inspiration manifested through the pure Sages and they became the spokesmen of this Dharma. When the moral purity of men degenerates, God takes form as grace and inspiration in sages and teachers. He has also given through the Upanishads the Sathya-Jnana, the Wisdom concerning the Reality.
 
Contents of Aitareya BRAHMANA: This Brahmanam describes mainly SOMA YAGA. First 16 Adhyayas describes the AGNISHTOMA (AGNI-ISTI-SOMA) YAGA which is to be performed in one day.
17th and 18th Adhyayas describe the GAVAAMAYANAM YAGA which is to be rendered in 360 days.
19th to 24th Adhyayas describe the DWADASA AHA YAGA which is to be rendered in 12 days.
33rd to 40th Adhyayas describe the PATTABHISHEKHA (Crowning ceremony of kings)
This Brahmana starts with the mantra “Agniryai Devanama Vamah Vishnuh Paramah” and ends with “Api ha Yadyasyaasma Murdhaa”
Commentaries: Sayanacharya wrote a comprehensive treatise. Bhatta Bhaskara wrote a commentary but did not publish it. This Brahmanam also reveals many secrets of nature, scientific knowledge to prompt us for higher learning.
 
 
Aitereeya Upanishad
 
Contents: In the beginning atma alone was before creation. The world is a product which was latent; later it becomes patent. The stages of wakefulness, dream and deep sleeps are unrelated to the atma. They are concerned only with the physical sensory causes and effects. All bodies in the creation are merely instruments for the experience of the fruits of action. The human is only instrument for liberation. Vamadeva Rushi understood the atma swaroopa which alone is present in the waking, dream and deep sleep states of consciousness and liberated from all the constant flux of the world.
 
Katopanishad
 
Contents: This is the story of Nachiketha, who was initiated in spiritual discipline by Yama (Lord of death) Himself.  Yama gave two boons to Nachiketha, ie., mental equanimity, the absence in heaven, the thirst or the fear of death. Yama gave many boons for sensory pleasures to test the wisdom of Nachiketha. Nachiketha wanted only the everlasting benefit that Atma Jnana (Self Knowledge) alone can bestow. Then Yama revealed the two distinct types of experiences and urges called sreyas and preyas.  The preya (pleasure) path is trodden by the ignorant and perverted. Those who seek the sreya (self knowledge) road are very rare.
          Yama continued that the atma is peaceful; it is conciousness, infinite and full. The Atma is capable of being known only after perseverance. Only a hero can succeeed in this solitary internal adventure and overcome the monsters of egoism and illusion that victory alone can remove grief.
All the scriptures say that the pranava home is the symbol of the para and apara brahmam. The fourteenth mantra of this Upanishad wakes the person from the sleep of ignorance and leads them towards the goal. Yama finally imparted that the Self is like a the light of fire hidden by smoke; it is thumb sized dwelling within the heart. Nachiketa understood this Brahma Vidhya that Yama taught him. He was released by death and attained Brahma Loka.
           The Atma is like an ocean; to instruct a person about it, you need not ask him to drink the entire ocean. Learn to practice Self Knowledge: that is the secret of this Teaching.
 
ISOPANISHAD
 
Contents: The Lord, intent on the regeneration of the world, communicated the Vedas through Hiranyagarbha, who in turn, passed them on to his ten Manasaputhras, including Athri and Marichi.
The Upanishad starts with the word “Isavaasyam” meaning the universe is immanence of the Lord, His Form, His body.
Isavaasyamidam sarvam yathkinchajagathyaam jagath Thena thyakthena bhunjeethaah, maa gridhah kasya-swid-dhanam"
"All things of this world, the transitory, the evanescent, are enveloped by the Lord who is the real Reality of each. Therefore they have to be used with reverent renunciation, without covetousness or greed for they belong to the Lord and not to any, one person". That is what this sloka means.
That is to say, the Universe is the Immanence of the Lord, His Form, His Body. It is wrong to take the Universe and its Lord as different. It is a delusion, a product of the imagination of man. Just as your image under the water is not different from you, the Universe (which is His Image produced on your Ignorance) is the same as He.
           The work without the desire for the fruit thereof slowly cleanses impurities like the crucible of the goldsmith. Out of the 18 mantras in this Upanishad only the first two deal with the problem of liberation and its solution. The other 16 elaborate this solution.
Brihadaaranyaka upanishad
Contents: This Upanishad deals with the method of attaining self knowledge in the form of the discourse by saint Yagnavalkya and emperor Janaka, along with others like Gargi and Saint Bujyu family priest of emperor Janaka. This contains 6 sections. The first and second describes upasana or worship. The third and fourth sections deal with the teachings of Yagnavalkya on the spiritual teachings imparted to Janaka. This is also called Yagnavalkya Kanda. Brihath or big , it is to best studied in the silence of the forest or aranya. Therefore it is called brihadaaranyaka. The first two sections are called madhura kanda. The third and fourth are called Munikanda and the last two are called Kila kanda. Janaka, King of Vidheha, celebrated a Sacrifice giving away vast wealth in gifts. So the Upanishad imparts that the atma is to be attained by total renunciation. Atma is the timeless entity beyond words and cannot be described at all. The entire sensory world and the senses too have to be equated with the dream reality only. There is no use persuing them as ultimate and valuable. The Atma alone has to be loved; all other things are loved for the sake of the Atman. Yagnavalkyu reveals his knowledge of the process of evolution of the universe, the Brahmanda Nirmana, to the question of saint Bhujyu. Later he reveals Brahma Jnana to his consort Maitreyi since woman were considered equally fit to practice the jana marga, which leads to liberation.
 
 
RG Veda
A brief preamble
1. Maha Vakya from RG Veda: “PRAJNAM BRAHMA” – All pervading continuous integrated awareness
2. Adhi Devatha Chandas - Brahma, Gayathri Chandas 
3. Gothram-Varnam- Athreya Gothra jathamu, Swetha Varnam
4. Upaveda- Ayurveda
5. Yadhartha Sakhas: 21
g Vedam - compiled into a single s<ihta (samhita or collection) by sage Bhagava­n Veda Vyasa - is perhaps the oldest scripture on earth.
The voice of God was available to ancient Indian sages who, by practicing the spiritual sciences had acquired keen intuitive ability to gather the messages of divine voices transmitted through some sort of radio waves. The mantras relating to a single sage, a single deity, of equal metric rhythm, and of a specific subject matter are known as shi suktam (auspicious words), devata suktam, chanda suktam and artha suktam respectively. This classification was done by Sakala and Saunaka Mahashis.
The contents of this Veda include description of how the universe was created and the scientific & administrative precepts. The most important gem of thought, nasadiya suktam - creation - is also contained in Purusha Suktam. It elucidates the creation of beings, liberation, and dissolution as also the different deities involved in the process.
Social and community stability and welfare, importance of eka patnivtam (monogamy), family values, and importance of the institution of marriage, respect for women, asrama vyavasta (different stages of life), reincarnation and ayurveda (t­he Indian medical science) are some of the vital issues covered by this Veda. For instance, akasayanam (moving through the sky) is in chapter 1:116:3, and Rajadharmam (the royal duties) in 10:125:3 & 4.
The eight branches of ayurveda (medicine), which is a upavedam (subsidiary Veda) of the g Veda, are: Salya, Salakya, Kayakalpachikitsa, Bhutavidya, Kaumarabhtya, Agada, Rassayana, and Vajikaram, and the famous compila­tions are: Charaka, Susrata, Vagbhaa, Ashtaga Hdaya, Sarjadhara Samhita, Madhavanidana and Bhavaprkasa.
According to Patanjali, originally there were 21 branches in the g Veda. Saint Charaa Vyuham contended that Sakala, Sakala, Asvalya­na, Sankhayan and Maukya branches were in prachara.
Of the 21 branches, only two are extant. Sakala branch has 8 additional suktas. The Sakala branch is the only availab­le branch with continuity from the Veda Vyasa time. It begins with Agnimide Purohitam and ends with Sagaa Mantram of Samaniva kuti:
g Veda Samhita is divided into 10 maala, and in addition, there are 11 valakhilya sktas. In all there are 1028 sktas, 10552 ks and 397,265 letters. In another analysis, the samhita has 64 chapters divided into 8 ashtaka.
       A hymn to the frogs compares the repetitions of the priests around the soma bowl to the croaking of the frogs around a pond after the rains come (Rig Veda VII: 103)
 
Samhita:
 
The RG Veda Shakala Samhita consists of 10 mandalas, or chapters. It is further broken down into 1017 suktas with 10,472 mantras. In the Vaalakhilya Suktas, there are an additional 11 suktas with 80 more mantras, giving a total of 10,552 mantras in the RG Veda samhita. 
Another system of dividing the RG Veda called Astakas shows there are 8 astakas consisting of 1017 suktas and 2006 vargas. These vargas can be further divided into 10,472 Rks, consisting of 394,221 letters. When the 11 suktas and 80 Rks of the Vaalakhilya suktas are added, there are 1028 suktas, 2024 vargas, and 10,552 RGs, and the total letters are 397,265.
The RG Veda Shakala Samhita can be taught in 64 biweekly sections, totaling 3 years and one month of study. 
The RG Veda takes forty hours to chant. In all methods, including the Pada, Krama and Ghana methods, it takes 900 hours to chant.
 

Ashtakam
Sookthas
Vargas
Ruks
Letters
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
121
119
122
140
129
124
116
146
265
221
225
250
238
313
248
246
1370
1147
1209
1289
1263
1650
1263
1281
48,931
51,718
47,636
49,762
48,022
48,412
47,562
52,178
 
1017
2006
10,472
3,94,221
Valaklya Sookthas
11
18
80
3,044
Total
1028
2024
10,552
3,97,265

 
 Brahmanam
 
Samhita Brahmaa: There were 21 of them, one for each of the branches. Now only two of them Aitreta and Kauitaki (Samkyana) brahmaas are available. The last known brahmaas were Paigi, Bahvcha, Asvalyana and Galava.
The principal Brahmana of the RG Veda is the Aitareya Brahmana. This Brahmana is broken down into 8 panchakas. Each panchaka has 5 chapters or 5 adhyayas, so there are 40 adhyayas total. Each adhyaya is divided into sections or kandas, with a total of 285 khands. 
The Aitareya Brahmana can be taught in 40 biweekly sections.
The other Brahmana is the Kaushitaki Brahmana. It has 3 dessicans or 10 adhyayas, with 272 kandas. It can be taught in 30 biweekly sections.
Sayana Acharya in his Commentary said that saint Yagnavalkya had many wives. The name of one of his sons is Maheedas. He is also called as Aitreya because his mother’s name was Itara. The saint Yagnavalkya did not have much love for Aitreya compared to his other children. One day during the assembly of a yagna the saint allowed all his children to sit, except Maheedas. Then Maheedas went to his mother, and his mother started praying to the mother Earth (Family Deity). The mother Earth gave a boon and prompted the knowledge of Brahma to Itara, and also made him to sit on a great throne in the assembly. The revelations that Saint Maheedas got from Mother Earth by the grace of his mother Itara is called Aitareya Brahmanam.

Panchikas-Adhyas-Khandas
I           1          6
            2          5
            3          6
            4          9
            5          4=30
II         6          10
            7          8
            8          6
            9          8
            10        9=41
III        11        11
            12        13
            13        14
            14        6
            15        6=50
IV        16        6
            17        8
            18        8
            19        6
                        20        4=32
Panchikas-Adhyas-Khandas
            V         21        5
                        22        10
                        23        4
                        24        6
                        25        9=34
            VI        26        3
                        27        5
                        28        8
                        29        10
                        30        10=38
            VII      31        1
                        32        1
                        33        5
                        34        8
                        35        8=34
            VIII     36        4
                        37        7
                        38        3
                        39        9
                        40        5=28   
TOTAL                       153
+                                  132= 285

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aranyakas: The Aitareya and Kaushitaki Aranyakas are taught in 2 biweekly sections. The Aranyakas will help to understand the hidden meanings of the brahmanas and the applications of the mantras during Yagnas. These Aranyakas mostly impart the people renunciating the family life and entering into forest or Aranya, these should be discussed in pure and silent atmospheres, not in villages and towns. The proposals in the aranyakas are highly sacred like royal secrets. These reflect the Bharateeya culture, Samskara, lifestyle, renunciation and self Knowledge. 
 
Upanishads: The Aitareya and Kaushitaki Upanishads are taught in 2 biweekly sections. 
 
Shrouta Sutras, Grihya SuTras, Dharma Sutras: The Shrouta Sutra and Grihya Sutras include the Aswalayana and Sankhyayaya sutras, and the Dharma Sutras are of Vasistha. The Shrouta, Grihya, and Dharma Sutras are divided into 7 pakshas each, consisting of 21 pakshas total. These can be taught in 42 biweekly sections.
 
Pada, Krama, Ghana: These are special methods of recitation of the Veda. This requires an additional 42 biweekly sections for Pada, 42 for Krama, and 42 for Ghana, for six years total study. 
 
Rig Veda Course of Study - Years 1 - 7
 

Section*
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
1
Sanskrit
Aitareya Brahmana
Aitareya Brahmana
Rig Veda Samhita
Rig Veda Samhita
Rig Veda Samhita
Rig Veda Pada
2
English
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
3
Regional Language
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
4
Veda Introduction
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
5
Aitaraya Upanishad
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
6
Aitaraya Upanishad
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
7
Aitaraya Aranyakam
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
8
Aitaraya Aranyakam
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
9
Science, math,
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
10
Sanskrit, general suktas,
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
11
General studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
12
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
13
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
14
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
15
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
16
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
17
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
18
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
19
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
20
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Pada
21
General Studies
 A. Brahmana
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
R.V. Samhita
Review
R.V. Pada
22
Review**
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review

 
*1 Section = ½ lunar month; 24 sections = one year
**Review includes time for review of studies, also for holidays. 
Rig Veda Course of Study - Years 8 - 14
 

Section*
Year 8
Year 9
Year 10
Year 11
Year 12
Year 13
Year 14
Rig Veda Pada
Rig Veda Krama
Rig Veda Krama
Rig Veda Ghana
Rig Veda Ghana
R.V. Shrouta, Grihya, Dharma Sutras
R.V. Shrouta, Grihya, Dharma Sutras
2
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
3
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
4
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
5
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
6
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
7
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
8
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
9
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
10
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
11
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
12
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
13
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
14
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
15
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
16
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
17
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
18
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
19
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
20
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
21
R.V. Pada
R.V. Krama
R.V. Krama
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Ghana
R.V. Sutras
R.V. Sutras
22
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review


 
Krishna Yajur Veda
 
BRIEF PREAMBLE
1. Maha Vakya from Krishna Yajur Veda: AHAM BRAHMA ASMI – ‘I’ in all beings and changeless in the Past, Present and Future
2. Adhi Devatha Chandas - Rudrudu 
3. Gothram-Varnam- Bharadwaja Gothra jathamu, Pasupacha (Turmeric Yellow) Varnam
4. Upaveda- Dhanurveda
5. Yadhartha Sakhas: 85
 
Yajur Veda has two branches, Kisha and Sukla. Yaj means deva pja (divine worship), dana (act of giving), etc. Yajus, therefore, deals with yajas. Satapat­ha Brahmaa refers to two sapmra­da­yas (traditions) viz Brahma Sampra­dayam which is Kisha Yajur Vedam, and ditya Samp­radayam which is Sukla Yajur Vedam. Sukla Yajur is more prevalent in northern parts of India, and Kisha Yajur is practised more in the south. In all there are 101 branches.
What is yajus? The mantras relating to the offerings to divinities are called yajus; they pertain to sacrifce of negative tendencies. They emanated from Kurukshetra. The aim of the yajus is welfare of the society, both material prosperity and spiritual upliftment. The ishi yajas (fulfilment of desires) such as Agnistoma, Atiratra, Aportyama, Vajasapeya, Rajas­ya and Asvamedha yajas are contained in this branch of the Veda. Some sections deal with spiri­tual development and mathematics.
       Dhanur Veda, an Upaveda (subsidiary) of Yajur Veda was totally lost because there were no students to learn it. This Upaveda contained details of arms and weaponry, such as Muktaka, Amuktaka, Muktamuktaka and Yantra mukta (the four yudhas or weapons). Application and counter missiles were also described for the following astras (missiles): Brahmastra, Vaishavastra, Pasupatastra, Praja­patyastra, Agneyastra, Varuastra etc.
In all, out of 86 branches only 4 are extant: Taittireya Sakha, Maitrayaniya Sakha, Kaha Sakha and Kapisthala Kaha Sakha. Sage Vaisampayana was also known as Charaka, and the last three branches are mentioned in the Charaka Sakha.
Taittireya Samhita: This samhita starts with ie tvorje tva mantra­, and ends with samudra udara antarisham payuhu mantra of avamedhaga. There are 4 Kaas (volume­s), 44 Prapaakas (chap­ters), and 635 Anuvakas (sub-divisions). On this Veda, commentaries by Bhaa Bhaskara and Sayana­charya are available.    
Maitrayaniya Samhita: The samhita contains 4 Kaas, 54 Prapaakas and 2144 mantras. Daapra masya, Chatur masya, Rajasya and Ava­medha yagas are described in this work,     Brahmastra,
Vaishavastra, Pasupatastra, Praja­patyastra, Agneyastra, Varuastra etc.
Kapistala Samhita: This Samhita has 6 kaas and 48 adhyayas of which 34, 33 and 43 are not available. There are many missing parts in this Samhita.
Veda Vyasa taught the Kisha Yajur Veda to Vaisampayana (Charaka), and Yajavalkya who was a nephew of Vaisampayana.
Taittiri Mahashi was the elder brother of Vaisampayana who brought it in to Bahula Prachara
(widespread application).
Currently, Ksha Yajur Veda is available and in usage especially in Kona Seema of East Godavari District of Andhra Prade. It is still a living force, but without preservation it may also be lost forever.
Yajur Samhita Brahmaa: Kisha Yajurveda Taitte­reya Brahmaam, Sukla Yajur Madhyandina Brahmaam and Sukla Yajur Kavasathapata Brahmaam are the only available works. 12 brahmaas of Kisha Yajurvedam viz. Charaka, Svetasvatara, Kaaka (Sata Adhyayana), Maitra­yani, Jabala, Khaikeya, Aukheya, Haridravika, Tambura, Ahwaraka, Kankai & Chaga­leya were lost forever.
 
Samhita:
 The principal Samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda is the Taittireeya Samhita consisting of 6500 mantras. It is divided into 7 kandas. These are further divided into pannams or prapatikas. There are 44 pannas. The 44 pannas can be further divided into 635 anuvakas (pannayas). Each anuvaka consists of 50 words, also called panasa or paschat.   
The Taittireeya samhita is taught in 44 biweekly sections. It takes 30 hours to chant the Taittireeya Samhita. Using all methods, it takes 500 hours, or about 60 days.
 
 
 
Krishna Yajur Veda Taitereeya Samhita
Kandas
Prapatakalas
Anuvakalu
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
6
5
7
7
6
5
140
75
55
72
120
66
107
 
44
635
 
Total Words: 1,06,287
Total letters: 2,53,868
 
CONTENT:
This samhitha describes Vajapeya Yaga, Rajasuya Yaga etc. The commentaries are available by Bhatta Bhaskara and Sayana Acharya.
 
Brahmanam: 
The principal Brahamana of the Krishna Yajur Veda is the Taittireeya. It consists of 3 kandas broken down into 28 pannas as follows:
1) Paraakshudra – 8 pannas
2) Agnihotra – 8 paannas
3) 12 paannas each with its own name. Numbers 10, 11 and 12 are called the katakas.
 
The Taittireeya Brahmana is taught in 28 biweekly sections, taking a total of 1 year, 2 months to teach.
 
Taittreeya Brahmanam
Kanda             Prapa   Anu
Kanda             Prapa   Anu
Kanda             Prapa   Anu
I                       1          10
                        2          6
                        3          10
                        4          10
                        5          12
                        6          10
                        7          10
                        8          10
11
 
 
 
II                     1          11
                        2          11
                        3          11
                        4          8
                        5          8
                        6          20
                        7          18
                        8          9
Q
Q
Q
Q
III                    1          6
                        2          10
                        3          11
                        4          19
                        5          13
                        6          15
                        7          14
                        8          23
                        9          23
                        10        11
                        11        10
                        12        9
Total                            78+
                                    96+
                               164=338
 
Total sentences: 19,383
 
Taittereeya Brahmanam is divided into three Kandhas. The first Kandha is called Paarakshudra. The second one is called Agnihothra. These two have eight prapatakas, and also called prashnas. The third Kandha consisting of twelve prapatakas. These three Kandhas are called Ashtakas, Prapatakas or Adhyayas. In the third Kanda the last three Prapatakas 10, 11, 12 are called Katakas. These Katakas are Lokosi, Thubhyam, Swadhyaya Brahmanam.
The contents of the brahmanam are in the first eight prapatakas describes agna, dhana, vidhi, gavamayana, sheshavidhi, Vajapeya, somadhi, vidhi, Nakshatra ishtaka mantras, rajasuyam. In the second kandha of the eight prapatakas describe Agnihotra vidhi, Upahomas, Sowtramani and also one day yaga called Savam. Then, kamya (wish fullfilling) Pashu yagas. In the third Kandha describe Nakshatreshti (Star yagna), Darsha Purna Masa vidhi, Manushya Pashu vidhi, Aswamedham, Saavithra chayanam, Nachikethaagnichayanam, Chaturhotra-Vaiswasrujaagni chayana.
The Brahmana start with Brahma the mantra “Sandhattham tanve jinvatham” and ends with “Viswamena nanu prajaayathe”. This Brahmanam can be learned in 28 biweekly sections. 
 
Aranyakas:
The Krishna Yajur Veda has the Taittireeya Aranyaka belonging to Taittireeya Saakha and Mitrayaneeya Aranyaka to Miatrayaneeya Saakha. It is taught in 10 biweeks.
 
Krishna Yajur Veda Aranyakam
Pannas
Anuvakas
Panasas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
32
20
21
42
12
12
12
1
1
80
130
20
52
88
108
27
23
9
10
102
10
233
569
 
 
Upanishads: There are five Upanishads in the Krishna Yajur Veda – the Aitareya, Maha-narayana, Mitrayanai, Katakha, and Swataswatara. In addition the following five Upanishads are imparted:
Sweksha, Ananda, Bhuhu, Narayanam, Chitti. The first five are taught in 6 biweekly sections. The second five also take an additional 6 biweekly sections. 
 
Shrouta Sutras, Grihya Sutras and Dharma Sutras: There are eight Shrouta Sutras – Apasathamba, Baudhayana, Hirayakesi, Bharadwaja, Vaikhanasa, Vadhoola, Manava, and VarahaThere are five Grihya Sutras – Manava, Apasathamba, Baudhayana, Hiranyakesi, Vaikhanasa, and Katha. There are three Dharma Sutras – Apasathamba, Baudhayana, and Hiranyakesi. Instruction time for all of the above takes about two years.
 
Mantra Panas: These are related to the various samskaras (sacraments) such as vivaha (marriage), upanayam (thread ceremony), etc. Instruction will take 2 biweekly sections.
 
Pada, Krama and Ghana: Each of these fields requires 42 sections, or two years each. 
 
Krishna Yajur Veda Course of Study - Years 1 - 7
 
Section*
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
1
Sanskrit
Upanishads
Brahmanam
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Taittireeya Samhita
KYV Pada
2
English
Aitareya Upanishad
Brahmanam
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
3
Regional Language
Mahanarayana Up. 
Brahmanam
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
4
Veda Introduction
Mitrayanai
Brahmanam
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
5
Aitaraya Upanishad
Katakha Upanishad
Brahmanam
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
6
Aitaraya Upanishad
Swataswatara Up.
Brahmanam
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
7
Aitaraya Aranyakam
Upanishads
Brahmanam
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
8
Aitaraya Aranyakam
Sweksha Upanish.
Brahmanam
Yajur Veda Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
9
Science, math,
Ananda Upanishad
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
10
Sanskrit, general suktas,
Bhuhu Upanishad
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Pada
11
Taittireeya Aranyakas+
Narayanam Up.
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
12
Taittireeya Aranyakas
Chitti Upanishad
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
13
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
14
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
15
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
16
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
17
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
18
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
19
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
20
Taittireeya Aranyakas
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
21
General Studies
A. Brahmana
Brahmanam
KYV Samhita
KYV Samhita
KYV Pada
KYV Pada
22
Review**
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
*1 Section = ½ lunar month; 24 sections = one year
+ Another branch of the Aranyakas, Maitreyaneeya takes 7 sections
**Review includes time for review of studies, also for holidays. 
 
 
 
Krishna Yajur Veda Course of Study - Years 8 - 14
 
Section*
Year 8
Year 9
Year 10
Year 11
Year 12
Year 13
Year 14
1
Krishna Yajur Veda Pada
Krishna Yajur Veda Krama
Krishna Yajur Veda Krama
Krishna Yajur Veda Ghana
Krishna Yajur Veda Ghana
KYV Shrouta, Grihya, Dharma Sutras
KYV Shrouta, Grihya, Dharma Sutras
2
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
3
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
4
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
5
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
6
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
7
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
8
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
9
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
10
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
11
K. Yajur Veda Pada
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
12
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
13
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
14
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
 Sutras
15
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
Sutras
Review
16
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
Sutras
Review
17
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
Sutras
Review
18
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
Sutras
 
19
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
Sutras
 
20
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
Sutras
 
21
K. Yajur Veda Krama
KYV Krama
KYV Ghana
KYV Ghana
Sutras
Sutras
 
22
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review 
Review
 
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
 
 

Story of How There Came to Be Two Yajur Vedas
 
Vaisampayana had a disciple by the name of Yagnavalkaya, to whom he taught the Yajur Veda. At one point they had an argument, so Vaisampayana ordered Yagnavalkaya to return the knowledge he had received. Yagnavalkaya vomited out the knowledge on the ground. A group of disciples nearby took the form of birds (“tittira”) and came and swallowed up the vomit. Thus the samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda is called Taittireeya, meaning digested by birds. 
 
Saint Yagnavalkaya still wished to have the knowledge of Yajur Veda. The Sun deity Surya took pity on him and taught him the Sukla (white) Yajur Veda. Thus we have two Yajur Vedas, the Sukla (white) and the Krishna (black) originally propounded by Vaisampayana.  They are similar in many respects.
 
Sukla Yajur Veda
 
BRIEF PREAMBLE:
 
Sukla Yajur Veda belongs to Aditya Sampradaya. In this Samhita, mantras relating to yagnas are provided with commentaries. The rhymes here are different as from Krishna yajur Veda. There is more clarity for the readers and those who perform yagnas, and hence the prefix sukla

The two branches of Sukla Yajur Veda are :

Kanva Paatha: The slightest difference between the branches is only in reciting the commentaries.

Vaajasaneya Samhita belongs to Maadhyabdina paatam, and the composition is part poetry and part prose. Approximately 700 mantras here are from rg Veda.

The upadesha (Aadvise) in this Veda is for all mankind: Become strong and illumined. all should become educated, and that the whole nation becomes-aarit (cultured and learning towards love for God).

Maheedhara's Commentary on Vaajasaneya SAMHITA IS PUBLISHED BY a. WEBER IN 1852 IN BERLIN. Later, in 1899, R.T.H.griffith translated it into English.
 
Upaveda: Dhanur Vedam
Branches: There are many akhas (branches), Pratija Parisisha, Vaya (6-61), Brahmaa Puraa
(6-35) are some the mentioned names. According to Pratija Parisisha, the branches are:
1. Jabala                2. Baudheya         3. Kava
4. Madhyandina    5. Sapeya              6. Tapayaniya
7. Kapola               8. Paundravatsa    9. vatika
10. Paramavatika   11. Paraara            12. Vainateya
13. Vaidheya         14. Kaunteya        15. Baijavapa
16. Aueya           17. Galava
There are 26 sub-branches in Jabala Sakha out of which only two are available, Kava (popular in South India) and Madhy­a­ndina (popular in the North).
There are 40 chapters, 328 sub-chapters and 2086 mantras in Kava Sakha. Madhyandina Sam­hita contains 40 chapters, 303 sub-chapters and 3988 mantras, 29,265 sounds (syllables), and 88,875 letters.
Sukla Yajur Samhita:
The Sukla Yajur Veda has two principal samhitas, the Kanva consisting of 2086 mantras, and the Madyandina (vajasneya), consisting of 1975 mantras.
The Madyandina has 40 adyiyas divided into 303 anuvakas, divided into 1975 mantra kandikas, with 3988 mantras, 29625 sounds and 88,875 letters.  The Samhita takes 40 biweekly sections to complete.
 
SUKLA YAJUR SAMHITHA
Adhyaya         MantraKandikas      Mantras
Adhyaya         MantraKandikas      Mantras
1                      31                                137
2                      34                                95
3                      63                                79
4                      37                                82
5                      43                                150
6                      37                                117
7                      48                                140           
8                      63                                150
9                      40                                117
10                    34                                139
11                    83                                122
12                    117                              129
13                    58                                132
14                    31                                165
15                    65                                136
16                    66                                280
17                    99                                106
18                    77                                89
19                    95                                120
20                    90                                100
21                    61                                61
22                    34                                267
23                    65                                83
24                    40                                40
25                    47                                50
26                    26                                62
27                    45                                45
           
28                    46                                50
29                    60                                60
30                    22                                177
31                    22                                22
32                    16                                16
33                    97                                97
34                    58                                58
35                    22                                28
36                    24                                24
37                    21                                55
38                    28                                75
39                    13                                116
40                    17                                17
                     1211                             2,585  
                      764                              1,403
 
Sukla Yajur Brahmana:
 
 The Brahmana related to the Sukla Yajur Veda Samhita is Sathapatha. The Sathapatha Brahmana rescension for the Madyandina samhita has 14 kandas, 88 prapadikas, 100 adhyayas, and 438 brahmanas, with 7,624 kandikas. 
The Sathapath Brahmana rescension for the Kanva Samhita has 17 kandas, 104 adhyayas, 435 brahmanas, 6806 kandikas.
A student will study one of the two Brahmanas, depending on which samhita they study. Either will take 50 biweekly sections, or 2.5 years.
 
SUKLA YAJUR Brahmanam
Kandas                                                Adhyayas                                Brahmanas                  Kandikas
1                                              6                                              22                                376
2                                              8                                              32                                532
3                                              2                                              22                                124
4                                              9                                              36                                649
5                                              8                                              38                                974
6                                              2                                              7                                  700
7                                              5                                              19                                289
8                                              8                                              27                                511
9                                              5                                              16                                257
10                                            5                                              20                                243
11                                            7                                              20                                437
12                                            6                                              28                                286
13                                            8                                              31                                241
14                                            9                                              28                                392
15                                            8                                              44                                308
16                                            2                                              8                                  192
17                                            6                                              47                                295
TOTAL                                   104                                          435                              6806
 
Aranyakas and Upanishads:
Students study the Bridharaya Aranyaka and the Isavasya Upanishads.
Study of these two takes 10 biweekly sections. 
 
Shrouta Sutras and Grihya Sutras:
Study of the Katyayana (Paarasakara) Shrouta Sutras and the Katayana (Paarasakara) Grihya Sutras takes 42 biweekly sections.     
 
Pada, Krama and Ghana:
Pada, Krama, and Ghana study each take 42 biweekly sections, or two years each. 
 
Kanva shathapatha Brahmanam
Kanda                         Adhyaya                                 Brahmanas                              kandikalu
1                                  6                                              22                                            376
2                                  8                                              32                                            532
3                                  2                                              22                                            124
4                                  9                                              36                                            649
5                                  8                                              38                                            974
6                                  2                                              7                                              700
7                                  5                                              19                                            289
8                                  8                                              27                                            511
9                                  5                                              18                                            257
10                                5                                              20                                            243
11                                7                                              20                                            437
12                                6                                              28                                            286
13                                8                                              31                                            241
14                                9                                              28                                            392
15                                8                                              44                                            308
16                                2                                              8                                              192
17                                6                                              47                                            295
TOTAL                       104                                          435                                          6806
 
Sukla Yajur Veda Course of Study - Years 1 - 7
 
Section*
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
1
Sanskrit
Bruhat Aranyakam & Isavasa Upanishad
Sathapada Brahamanam
Sathapada Brahamanam
Sukla Sukla Yajur Veda Samhita
Sukla Sukla Yajur Veda Samhita
Sukla Yajur Veda Pada
2
English
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
3
Regional Language
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
4
Veda Introduction
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
5
Aitaraya Upanishad
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
6
Aitaraya Upanishad
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
7
Aitaraya Aranyakam
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
8
Aitaraya Aranyakam
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
9
Science, math,
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
10
Sanskrit, general suktas,
B.A. & I.U.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
11
General studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
12
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
13
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
14
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
15
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
16
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
17
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
18
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
SYV Pada
19
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
SYV Pada
20
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
SYV Pada
21
General Studies
Sath. Brahm.
Sath. Brahm.
SYV Samhita
SYV Samhita
SYV Pada
SYV Pada
22
Review**
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
*1 Section = ½ lunar month; 24 sections = one year
**Review includes time for review of studies, also for holidays. 
 
 
 
Sukla Yajur Veda Course of Study - Years 8 - 14
 
Section*
Year 8
Year 9
Year 10
Year 11
Year 12
Year 13
1
Sukla Yajur Veda Pada
Sukla Yajur Veda Krama
Sukla Yajur Veda Krama
Sukla Yajur Veda Ghana
Sukla Yajur Veda Ghana
Sukla Yajur Veda Samhita
2
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
3
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
4
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
5
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
6
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
7
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
8
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
9
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
10
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
11
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
12
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
13
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
14
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
15
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
16
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
17
SYV Pada
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
18
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Shrouta & Grihya Sutras
SYV Sutras
19
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
Review
20
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
Review
21
SYV Krama
SYV Krama
SYV Ghana
SYV Ghana
SYV Sutras
Review
22
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
 
 
 

Study Summary:

Study Time
1st Year General Study                                                         1 year
Samhita                                                                                  2 yrs
Brahmanam                                                                           2 yrs 6 mos
Aranyakas & Upanishads                                                              6 mos
Shrouta Sutras and Grihya Suras                                       1 yr
Pada, Krama and Ghana                                                     3 yrs
TOTAL                                                                                  10 yrs
 
Study of the Sukla Yajur Veda takes ten years.
 
 
Sama Veda
 
BRIEF PREAMBLE
1. Maha Vakya from Sama Veda: TATVAM ASIThat thou Art, Divinity unmanifested (without name and form) manifested (with name and form) are One and the same
2. Adhi Devatha Chandas - Vishnu 
3. Gothram -Varnam- Kashyapasa Gothra jathamu, Neelam (Blue) Varnam
4. Upaveda- Gandharva vedam
5. Yadhartha Sakhas: 1, 001
 
Sama means Gana (singing). Most of the mantras of Sama Veda are from 8th & 9th Mada­las of g Veda. They are applied in Soma Yaga, and will be recited by Udgata. Jaimini explained that when mantras are chanted with pada (word) meaning, it is k, and that when sang in musical meter with permutation and combination, it is Sama. In the Gita, Lord Kisha says that He is Bhat Sama. Sama Veda can be learned only by those who are very alert and are not prone to sleep - which makes it very difficult.
Publications
       J. Stevenson Ranayaniya Sakha of Sa­ma Veda, with translation in English, in 1842 Th. Benfey Kaudhuma Sakha in 1848 with German translation by Leipgig.
       Satyavta Samarama Bibliotheca Indica (republished) Kaudhuma Sakha in 1871 Ranayaniya Sakha with Sayana Bhashyam In India There is not much difference between the Sakhas except that the 7th Prapaaka of Dvitiya (second) Archik­a was added to the Pratham­a Archika (first ) section. A standard work on Kaudhuma Sakha Tirupathi in 1859 in Grandhaks­hari by Krishnaswamy Srauti. W. Caland Jaimini Samhita in Breslow.
 
Upaveda
Gandharva Veda is Sama Veda’s Upavedam. It deals with Sangita (science of music), Ntya (science of dance), Vadya (taurya trikam /science of beats & rhythm), Saptaswaras (musical scale) etc. described in the 3 gramas, 21 mrchanas and 49 tanas. Nara­diya Sama Siksha contends that Sama Veda is the basis of Indian Classical Music.
Patanjali says that there were 1,000 branches of Sama Veda. Srimad Bhagavatam and Vishu Puranam confirm that there are 100 branches in Sama Veda, but most of them are lost. According to Divyavadana, a Buddhist text, there were 1065 branches: Silavlakha Panchavimsathi (25), Kaudhu­manam Satam (100), Maha Samanam Pancha­atani (500), Satyamu­granam Satam (100), Laukaa Chatvarim­sat (40), Brahma Samanam Satam (100), Mahayajikanam Satam (100), Samasta Vedanam Satam (100).
Charaa Vyha Parisisham refers to 9: Ranay aniya, Satyay­aniya, Satyamugra, Kalvala, Mahaka­lvala, Lagala, KaudhumIya, Gautamiya, and Jaima­niya.
Mahidasu says that the following are the achar­yas for Sama Veda: Ranayani, Satyamugri, Dur­vasa, Bha­guri, Gaulg­ul­a­vi, Aupamanya, Darala, Gargya Savarni, Varsha­ganya, Kudhumi, Salihotra, and Ajimini. Cur­rently, only Ranayaniya, Kau­dhama and Jaimini bran­ches are available.
Mantra, Brahmaa, Srauta, Smarta stras are the same for Ranayaniya & Kaudhama branches, but Jaimini is different. The Veda starts with the invocation for Agna yahi Vitaye, and ends with Swasti na Indro Vddha Srava mant­ram.
Division
Sama Samhita is divided into Prva and Uttara Archikas (garland of k). There are 1870 mantras, 179 dasas and 15 pra­paakas.
Branches and Propagation
Jaimini, born at Dwaitavanam, studied the Veda from Veda Vyasa, and taught it to his son Sumanta who taight it to his son Sutva. Sutva taught it to Sukarma who taught the this Veda to many disciples, and became a teacher of 1000 Samhitas (branches) of Sama Veda. All of them were lost when the disciples died in an earthquake.
Sukarma then passed on the Vedic lore to Pausha­panji and then to Koala Hirayanabhu. Each were taught 500 branches. Paushapanji Sampradaya is known as Uttaradisiya Sama Parampara, and the Hirayanabha Sampradaya is Prachyadea Param­para. Paushpinji had 4 disciples, Laugai, Kudhumi, Kusidi and Lagali. Laugai had 5 students, Rana­yani, Tandya, Anovena, Sakaitiputra and Satya­mugra. Brahmaa Puraa refers to the sixth disciple Sunama.
Today only 3 branches of the original 1000 branches of Jaimini Sama Veda are available. Even these could be lost if we do not take care of them. Kaudhama branch is presently practised in Tamil Nadu, Bengal, Bihar and Gujarat. Jaimini branch survives in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Ranayaniya branch is known to only one family in Simhachalam (Via­kapa­nam, ndhra Prade).
 
Contents: We can understand the importance of Devata Stuti and Yaja in Sama Veda. Agniya Aindra, Pavamana, rankya Parvas in Prva Archikam are also called Kaas. The mainly stutis are Agni, Indra and Pava­mana.
The divisions of Uttara Archikam are Daa­ratha, Samvatsar­a, Aikaha, Ahina, Satra, Prayas­chitta and Ksdra. These yajas are means for Bautika (physical or material) needs and happy life.
Sama Veda was propagated by Jaimini who learned it from Veda Vyaasa. Jaimini was born at Dwaitavanam. Jaimini taught it to his son Sumantha. Sumantha’s son Sutwa learned it from him. His son Sukarma propagated 1000 samhitas of Sama Veda to 1000 disciples. Due to an earthquake all the disciples were suddenly gone into the earth and all the 1000 branches of Sama Veda were lost. 
Finally, the Saint Sukarma had two disciples Powshpomgi and the King of Kosala Hiranyanabha. He taught 500 branches to each of them. The tradition of Powshpomgi is called Uttara Deseya Sama Parampara, and the Hiranyanabha samprada is called Prachwya Raksha Desa Parampara. 
Out of the 1000 branches, only three survive, which are called Kauthama, Ranaayanaiya, and Jaimaniya. Saint Khutemi propagated Kauthima. Saint Ranayani propagated Ranaayanaiya, and Saint Jaimini propagated Jaimaniya. 
Sama Samhita has two traditions, pada patha and stobha paldaapata. If you say hoovi and hoowa at the front or end of the mantra, it is called stobha paldaapata. If you say these at the beginning of the mantra it is called anwayee. If at the end, it is called anushangee. Pada patha does not have these sounds added.
Ghana means singing. It has two variations, prakriti and ooha. Prakriti has two modulations. One is called Rahasyaghna Ghana or Rahasya Tryam. One modulation is called Grahma, or that “which can be sung in the villages”. Another is called Aranyaka, that “which can be sung in the forest”. The singing part related to Grahma is called Ooha. The singing part of Aranya is called Rahasyaghnaa. 
 
Prakriti has seven Ghaanas. These are:
1) gayatram
2) agneyam
3) aindram
4) pavamanam
5) arcaparva – dwandaparva, vrataparva
6) sukreiyam
7) mahanaamni
 
Oha Ghana is divided into seven tantras. These are:
1) dasaratram
2) samvatsaram
3) aikaahum
4) aheenam
5) satram
6) pranyascchittam
7) kshudram
 
One should keep in mind while singing the Sama Ghana the 7 notes of music, 3 Graamaas, and 21 Moorchanas and 49 thaanas. During yagnas, the Udagatta (singer) will sing in the mandara (low), madyama (medium), and tara (high) pitches during morning, noon, and evening times.
One RG or mantra in the single mode is called Sama. In the prakriti one Sama Ghana will be rendered but if the same RG is rendered 1:16 modulation also up to 18 modulations can be rendered. When these kind of rendering modulations are recited they are called rahdantara Sama, bruhatt Sama, and vamadevya Samas.
One should understand the five divisions when singing a RG in the form of Sama gana. These are:
1) prastavam
2)  udgeetham
3) prathihaaram
4) upadravam
5) nidhanam
 
In the first: 1) starting with Hum is prastavam; 2) beginning with Aum is ruthwik will chant Ghana;
3) the Aum will at the end of chanting and will be rendered by ruthwikis called Prathihaaram;
4) udgatha will sing the Ghana, called Upadravam; 5) all the 4 will sing together, this is called Nidhanam. 
 
In the Sama Ghana the sounds Jhow, how, vaa, and haa have no separate meaning but they are the linking parts of the Ghana.
 
SAMA Ranaayanaiya Samhita
Sama Veda has three rescensions, the Kauthama of 1875 mantras and the Ranaayanaiya of 1687 mantras.
 
the SAMA JAIMANIYA SAMHITA
The Jaimaniya Samhita consists of 1870 mantras. 
 
SAMA Kauthama Samhita
This is divided into the Purva Archika and Uttara Archika. In the purva there are six prapatikas and 59 dastulus and 585 mantras. In the uttara archika there are 9 prapatikas and 120 dashatalus, and a total of 1220 mantras. 10 mantras construct a dassatee.
 
In between these two archikas there is the Mahanamams archika consisting of 10 mantras.
The samhitha of any branch can be taught in 4 years i.e., about 84 biweekly courses.
 
Study of the Sama Samhita takes 84 biweeks. 
 
SAMA SAMHITHA
Poorvarchikam
Uttararchikam
Prapatakas                   Dashathulu      Mantras
Prapatakas                   Dashathulu      Mantras
1                                  10                    96
 
2                                  10                    97
 
3                                  10                    99
4                                  10                    98       
 
5                                  10                    96
 
6                                  9                      99
1                                  12                    124
2                                  12                    111
3                                  14                    145
4                                  13                    142
5                                  21                    170
6                                  15                    142
7                                  12                    128
8                                  13                    147
9                                  8                      111
Total                            59                    585
9                                  120                  1220
 
 
Sama Samhita Brahmaa
Talavakara (Jaiminiya), Tanya (panchavimsa or phrauda), Chandogya (mantra brahmaam) are extant. The Upabrahmaas (or Anubra­hmaam) available are Samavidhana, Devatadhyaya, Vamsa and Samhitosh­ania brahmaas. The lost ones are Bhalvi, Kalabavi, Rauki and Satyana.
Brahmanas:
Jaimniya (Talavakara) Brahmanam. Saint Jaimini is the disciple of Veda Vyaasa. Saint Talavakara is the disciple of Jaimini. There are 5 kandas in this Brahmana. They are Agneya, Indra, Pavamana, Aruna, and Sukriya. The fourth Kanda Aruna is called as Upanishad Brahmanam. The fifth is also called as Arsheya Brahmanam. Jaimniya Brahmanam is also divided into 8 Brahmanas and 1427 Kandas.  The 8 Brahmanas are: 1) Maha Brahmana, 2) Dwa Dasaaha Brahamana, 3) Mahavrata Brahmana, 4) Eakaha Brahamana, 5) Aheena Brahamana, 6) Satra Brahamana, 7) Aarsheya Brahamana, Upanishad Brahamana.
 
Contents: The first three kandas describe nitya agni hotram (daily worship of fire), agni shtomam, prayaschittas. The second kanda contents gavamayanam, eakaha, aheenas, satra yagas, the third kanda describes dwadasa (12 days) yagnas, the fourth one deals with Jnana (self knowledge) like Aranyaka. It deals with Anukramanika (Indexing) of Sama Gana acharyas, prana purva avasta vicharam, Savitri mantra ardham (meaning of absolute truth), Kenopanishad. 
The fifth Kanda is called Arsheya Brahmanam describes the Sama Drashta cognitions of sama Saints, Vamsa Anukramanika.
This brahmana starts with “Tadahuhu-kena juhothi kasmin huyatha ithi” and ends with “Esha eevedam Sarvam ithyupasithavyam”
This can also be taught in 25 bi weekly of the 5 kandhas ie. 1 year 2 months.
This brahmanam can be taught in about 21 biweeks.  
 
 
Name                                                                                                               Kandhas
1. Maha Brahmanam                                                                                       380
2. Dwadasaaha Brahmanam                                                                           388
3. Mahavratha Brahmanam                                                                             162
4. Ekaha Brahmanam                                                                                      153
5. Aheena Brahmanam                                                                                    99
6. Satra Brahmanam                                                                                        37
7. Arsheya Brahmanam                                                                                   84
8. Upanishdra Brahmanam                                                                             154
                                                                                                TOTAL         1427
 
 
THANDYA MAHA BRAHMANAM
 
Adhyaya
Kanda
Adhyaya
Kanda
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
10
17
13
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
11
13
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
12
12
12
15
14
11
19
16
15
18
26
20
18
TOTAL
136+
 
211=347
Thandya Brahmanam belongs to the Koutama Shaka of Sama Veda. This is also called as Thandya Maha Brahmana, Maha Brahmana, Pancha Vimsya Brahmana, Proda Brahmana. The saint Tandi propagated this Brahmanam. Therefore it is called Thandi or Thandya brahmana. In this brahmana great subjects were dealt with, therefore it is called as Maha Brahmana. There are 25 Adhyayas in this brahmanam so it is called as Pancha Vimsya Brahmana. The 26 Adhyaya is an appendix to this brahmanam. Therefore it is called Shadvimsya Brahmanam. There are six prapatakas, there are two Kandhas in the last Prapataka. It is called as Athbutha (Wonderful) Brahmana. This describes Soma Yaga and other Yagas with precise details.
Tandhya Brahmana has 25 prapataks and 347 kandhas. This Brahmana describes Agnishtomam, Gavamayanam, Vyudadwadasaham, Abhijit Moham, Ekahayaagalu, Jyothishu, Sahasra Yaga, Angeerasaanukree, Sadyaskrayaga, Vraatyayagna, Agnishtudyaga, Trivruthstoma, Chaturmasyayaaga, Vajapeyam, Atiraatrayaga, Aheenalu, Saaraswatayaga. There are about 180 yagas wonderfully described in this brahmanam.
The first ten Adhyayas called Dasharatra Kanda, the next 5 Adhyayas are called Dwadasaahakaanda, the next 4 are called Aheena Kanda, and the also three Adhyayas are called Satyakanda.
This Brahmanam begins with the mantra “Mahanme Ocho” and ends with “Tade Tadwisva Srujagam Sahasra Vatsaram”.
Thandhya Brahmana belonging to Kautama Saaka will be taught in 25 bi- weeks.
 
CHANDOGHYA BRAHMANAM
 
This Brahmana also belongs to Kouthama saaka, also called manthra brahmana. The last eight Prapatakas of this brahmana are called Chandyogya Upanishad. This brahmana has two prapatakas. Each prapataka is divided into eight Kandhas. There are 136 manthras in the first prapataka and 121 manthras in the second prapataka. 
 
CONTENTS:
This Brahmana describes that the marriage and family unit are the foundations of the bharateeya culture. Therefore marriage, Garbhadaanam, Sreemantham, Jaathakarma, Upanayanam, Samavarthanam (Graduation), Pasu vrudhi, Nagabali, Sthalipaakam, Dushta Grahochatanam are described. In the last part of this brahmana the manthras are highly attractive in describing how to prevent germs in the food while eating.  In this Brahmana it describes the peaceful coexistence of family life.
 
Beginning and ending
This brahmana begins with “Deva Savithaha Prasuva yagnam” and ends with “Maatha Rudraanam Dhuhitha Vasoonam”
This can be taught in 2 bi weeks.
 
Prapatakam     Kanda             mantras                        Prapatakam     Kanda             mantras           
I                       1                      15                                II                     1                      16
                        2                      21                                                        2                      16
                        3                      14                                                        3                      21
                        4                      9                                                          4                      11
                        5                      19                                                        5                      18
                        6                      35                                                        6                      19
                        7                      16                                                        7                      5
                        8                      7                                                          8                      14
                                                136+                                                                            121=257
                                                                        Ghana Vishnumaathra Vyakhyathalu           11
TOTAL                                                                                                                               268
 
 
UPABRAHMANAS:
1. Sama Vidhana Brahmanam:
There are three prapatakas in this brahmanam. The first and second prapatakas have eight anuvakas. The third one has 9 anuvakas.
CONTENTS: This describes the birth of the Prajapathi form of Bramha and creation of the lokas (spheres of existance), Kruthchala Swaroopam, Darshapoorva maasaadi, Prayaschithalu, and many Kama sudhas, and the crowning ceremony.
This brahmana begins with the mantra “Brahma hawa idamagra aseeth” and ends with “Upadyaaya grama Varagam”. This can be taught in 3 bi weekly sections.
2. Devathadyaya Brahmanam:
There are three kandhas in this Brahmanam. There are 26, 11, 25 kandikas respectively in the 1st 2nd 3rd kandas.
Contents: Nidhana means the end parts of Sama and differentiation of deities and their powers.
Agneya, Aindra, Rajapatya etc., Samalu, their deities, the greatness of veda knowledge, Gayathri Chandas descriptions definition of chandas, savithri Upaasan etc.
This brahmana can be taught in 3 biweekly sections. 
This brahmana begins with “Agnirindraha prajaapatihi somaha” and ends with “brahma Sathyam cha atmam”
3. Samhithopanishad brahmanam:
 There is only one prapataka and is divided into 5 kandas.
Contents: deva, asura, rushi, samhithala lakshanam, devahoo, vaksabahu, amithrahu, samhithala lakshanam, detail modes of singing, vidhya daana padhata (methodology of transmission of singing), greatness of guru, greatness of charity, greatness of celibacy etc.
This brahmana begins with Adhataha samhito upanishado vyakhya shyamaha and ends with chaturrucho bhavathi ya yevam veda, ya yevam veda
This can be taught in one biweek.
4. Vamsa brahmanam:
This brahmana is very short. There are three kandas.
Contents: the genealogy of the sama saints is described in detail.
This brahmana begins with namo brahmane namo brahmanebhyaha and ends with samanam param samaanam param.
Sama Samhita Aranyakas
Balava ayaranyakam, kalabhava aranyakam, rouraka Aranyakam, sakshaayana aranyakam.
They are not available at this point.
 
Upanishads
Chandoghya and Kena. These can be taught in four biweekly sections.
 
Shrouta Sutras:
There are 4 shrouta sutras viz., Khadira, Latyayana, Drahyayana and Jaimaniya.
These can be taught in 21 biweeks.
Grihya SuTras
There are 4 Grihya sutras viz., Khadira, Gobhila, Gautama and Jaimaniya.
These sutras are taught in 21 biweeks.    
DHARMA SUTRAS
These are the Gautama Sutras, and can be taught in 21 biweeks. 
 
PADA, KRAMA, & GHANA
These are studied in 63 biweekly sessions.
 
Sama Veda Course of Study - Years 1 - 7
 
Section*
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
1
Sanskrit
Brahmanas***
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Sama Veda Samhita
Sama Veda Samhita
Sama Veda Samhita
2
English
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
3
Regional Language
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
4
Veda Introduction
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
5
Aitaraya Upanishad
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
6
Aitaraya Upanishad
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
7
Aitaraya Aranyakam
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
8
Aitaraya Aranyakam
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
9
Science, math,
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
10
Sanskrit, general suktas,
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
11
General studies
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
12
General Studies
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
13
General Studies
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
14
General Studies
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
15
General Studies
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
16
General Studies
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
17
General Studies
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
18
Chandogya Upanish.
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
19
Chandogya Upanish.
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
20
Kena Upanishad
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
21
Kena Upanishad
 Brahmanas
Brahmanas
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Samhita
22
Review**
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
*1 Section = ½ lunar month; 24 sections = one year
**Review includes time for review of studies, also for holidays
***Panchavimsa, Shadvimsa, Samavidhana, Aarsheya, Mantra, Devatadhyaya, Vamsa, Jaimniya
 
 
 
 
Sama Veda Course of Study - Years 8 - 12
 
Section*
Year 8
Year 9
Year 10
Year 11
Year 12
1
Sama Veda Samhita
Sama Veda Pada
Sama Veda Krama
Sama Veda Ghana
SV Shrouta, Grihya & Dharma Sutras 
2
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
3
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
4
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
5
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
6
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
7
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
8
S.V. Samhita
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
9
S.V. Pada
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
10
S.V. Pada
Sama Veda Krama
Sama Veda Ghana
Sama Veda Sutras
S.V. Sutras
11
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
12
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
13
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
14
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
15
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
16
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
17
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
18
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
19
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
20
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
21
S.V. Pada
S.V. Krama
S.V. Ghana
S.V. Sutras
S.V. Sutras
22
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 

 
ATHARVA VEDA
 
BRIEF PREAMBLE
1. Maha Vakya from Atharva Veda: AYAM ATMA BRAHMA – Self effulgent in all beings. (Summing up – that ‘I’m’ Awareness (Atma))
2. Adhi Devatha Chandas - Indra 
3. Gothram -Varnam- Baijana Gothra jathamu, Telupu (white) Varnam
4. Upaveda- ArhtaShashtram
5. Yadhartha Sakhas: 9
Four tviks - Brahma, Adhvaryu, Hota and Udgata - are required for conducting the yajas. In order to conduct the yaja, the Brahma tviks must know Atharva Veda. The originator (dhsha) for the Veda is Saint Atharva who is the root for the yaja. He propagated the Veda in the world according to g Veda (Samhita 1.83.5, k 10.21.5, 6.16.13) and Atharva Veda (Samhita 7.1.2.1). In the yajas, Hota should also be an expert in g Veda. Adhvaryu should have a thorough knowledge in Yajur Veda, and Udga­ta must be an absolute master in Sama Veda. Brahma should be a master of Atharva Veda, because he leads the conducting of the yaja and corrects the errors of the other three, and does the concluding part of the yaja.
Atharva Samhita Brahmaa: Gopata is the only available brahmaam.
 
Atharva Samhita
 
Brja Ptras (palm leaves) mention the original name of the samhita as Atharvagirasa: (10.17.20), indicating that vamsa (family) names of the authors as Atharva and girasa. Dr. Bloomfield implies that Mangalakara is Atharva and that Amagalakara (Abhicharika) part as girasa. The other names mentioned are Bhgvam­girasa and Brahma Veda. The former is found in Yaja Kaa of the Veda, and the latter is g Veda Gruhya Stra. In Chlika Upanishad and Vayu Puraa, Atharva Veda is referred as Bhgu Vistara. Paippalada Sakha is found in Kashmir. Sumanta taught that this Veda to his disciple Kabandhu. It may be recalled that both Sumanta and Kabandhu were at the arrow bedside of Bhishma (Mahabha­ratam 46.6.10).
Subject Matter
This samhita deals with dhyatmika, dhibhau­tika, didaivika (mental & spiritual, physical and super-natural elements) subjects.
144 sktas of this samhita deals with the human body, completely describing the human anatomy.
Rajadharma (duties of a king, and the kingdom) are narrated in 244 sktas. The society and its swarpa (composition) are mentioned in 75 sktas.
The spiritual science is covered in 86 sktas, as also the devata (divinities) yajas and yagas.
Commentaries
Sayana's commentary appears to be rather parital. There are differences between the western scholars Whitney & Roth publications a­nd Sayana Pahas.
Publications
M. Bloomfield & R. Garbestutgarh, 1901 Paippalada Sakha (Kashmirian Atharva Veda) W.D. Whitney & R. Roth Standard Saunaka Sakha, 1856 (Berlin) Sankar P. Pandit   1895-98 (Bombay) (not consistent with the earlier Berlin publication) R.T.H. Griffith    English Translation, 1895 C.R. Lanman. English Translation in 1905 ripada Damodara Satavalekar Publication through Swadwyaya Maal, 1958.
Upaveda
Artha Veda is an Upaveda, and its contents are Adminis­tration, Public Policy, Economics, Agriculture and Formation of Society (samaja nirmana). Brahaspati Artha Satra, Chana­kiya Artha Satra, Sukrachary's Sukra Niti etc. are based on this upaveda. Silpa Veda (Iconography) is also an upa­veda.
Branches
Opinions differ as to the branches. According to Patan­jali, they are: (i) Paippalada, (ii) Stauda, (iii) Mauda, (iv) Saunakiya, (v) Jajala, (vi) Jalada, (vii) Brahmavada, (viii) Devada and (ix) Charaa Vaidya.           Charaa Vyha mentions the following: (i) Pippla, (ii) Saunaka, (iii) Damoda, (iv) Totta­yasa, (v) Jabala, (vi) Kunakhi, (vii) Brahmapalasa, (viii) Devadari and (ix) Charaa Vaidya.
Pancharatra refers to the 5 branches of Atharva Veda in Ahirbhudhya Samhita.
 
Extant
Only Paippalada, Saunaka branches are available now. The Veda mantra that begins with 'paip­palada' is Paippalada Sakha; the only copy on palm leaves is found in Kashmir, and is also known as Kashmira Paha.
The second extant branch commences with Vachas­pati Devata mantra, 'ye trishapaha vari­yanti', and ends with Awini Devata mantra, `vanayaam tadaswina ktum.'
Divisions of Samhita
There are 20 kaas, and each kaa is divided into prapataks, anuvakas, daatis, and sktas.
Saunaka Sakha contains 736 sktas and 5918 mantras.
Paipalada Sakha written in Sarada Lipi on palm leaves (Bhrja patras) are found in Kashmir. The king of Kashmir, Raavir Singh gave a copy of the Sakha to Rudalph Rath, and the photocopies of it were published in 1901 in Baltimore. Two copies in Sanskt are safely preserved at Bhaarkar Research Socie­ty in Pue, and at Royal Asiatic Society, Bombay.
 
Samhita:
The Atharva Veda has two branches. The first is Saunaka and the second is called Pippalaa. 
Saunaka samhita has 20 kandas, 736 sukta, and 5918 mantras. 
In the beginning, Atharva Veda was taught by Saunaka to his disciple Kabandu. Kabandu propagated it through his disciples Padhya and Devadarsha. Padhya taught it to his disciples Jajali, Kumudari, and Saunaka.
Saunaka taught it to Saindhavayana and Babhru.
Devadarsha taught it to Moda, Brahmabala, Pippilada, and Showshkyaana.
Saindhavayana taught this to his disciple Manjukesu. During the last 5000 years, we have lost all of these except these two samhitas.
In the olden days, the Atharva Veda was also called the Atharva Angirasaha. As time passed, it became the Atharva.
This samhita begins with the mantra aitree shaptaka warrayantee – that is praise of Brihaspati -, and it ends with the mantras wanayam tadaswnaa krutam – that is praising of the Aswinee Devatas.
Study of the Atharva Veda Samhita will take 60 biweekly sections.
 
Brahmana:
The Brahmana of the Atharva Veda is called Gopatha. It is divided into two parts – the purva bhaga and the uttara bhaga. In the purva bhaga there are five prapathikas and 135 kandikas. In the second half, the uttara bhaga, there are six prapatikas and 123 kandikas. So the toal has 11 prapatikas and 258 kandikas. Students study this Brahmana over 20 biweeks. 
 
Subject matter of Gopatha Brahmana:
 
1)      How God thought of the creation
2)      Creating the oceans
3)      Birth of Saint Bhrigu
4)      Birth of Saint Atharva
5)      Creation of Atharva Veda
6)      Brahma sprishti (Brahma creation)
7)      Omkara and its creation
8)      Greatness of Gayatri
9)      Rules and regulations of Brahmadhari
10) Importantance of Brahma (chief authority in the performance of yagnas)
11) Creation of Brahma
12) Saint Aitreya and his performance of yagna
13) Qualifications of ritwiks
14) Creation of swaha (carrier)
15) Rules and regulations about the performance of a yagna
16) The applied science of the mantras of yagas and yagnas
SECOND HALF:
17) The guests of the performer of the yagna
18) Creation of the stars
19) Chatur masas yagna (4 month yagnas)
20) War between the devas and the aSutras
21) Agneedhraniamayam (taking care of fire)
22) Details of vashakara (another carrier)
23) Dakshina (donation)
24) Ukthadevatas
25) Shodasha – definition
26) Sarvam
27) The greatness of vajapaya
28) The greatness of Aptonma ryama
29) Sampata mantra creation
30) Ahina yaga
31) Etc.
 
This Brhamana starts with the mantra “Aum Brahma hawa edamagra asweth” and ends with the mantra “Nahwyasyaa parajnam bhyam bhavathi” 
 
Study of this Brahmana for Atharva Veda will take 20 biweekly sections.
 
Upanishads: The Upanishads of the Atharva Veda are the Prasana, Mundaka, and Mandukya. 
Study of these Upanishads can be completed in 4 biweekly sections.
 
Shrouta Sutras and Grihya Sutras: Study of the Vaikhanasa Shrouta Sutras and the Kaushika Grihya Sutras takes 21 biweekly sections. 
Study Summary:
Study Time
1st Year General Study                                                         1 year
Samhita                                                                                  3 years
Brahmanam                                                                           1 year
Upanishads                                                                            2 months
Shrouta Sutras and Grihya Suras                                       1 year
TOTAL                                                                       6 years, 2 months
 
                                                               
 
Atharva Samhitha
Kanda             Sookta             Manthra 
Kanda             Sooktha           Manthra
1                      35                    153
2                      36                    207
3                      31                    231
4                      40                    324
5                      31                    376
6                      142                  454
7                      123                  186
8                      10                    293
9                      10                    313
10                    10                    350
11                    10                    367
12                    5                      304
13                    4                      188
14                    2                      139
15                    18                    220
16                    9                      103
17                    1                      30
18                    4                      283
19                    72                    456
20                    143                  941
 
ATHARVA BRAHMANAM
Kanda             Prapatakas       Kandikas         Kanda             Prapatakas       kandikas         
I                       1                      39                    II                     1                      28
                        2                      24                                            2                      24
                        3                      28                                            3                      23
                        4                      24                                            4                      19
                        5                      25                                            5                      15
                                                                                                6                      16
TOTAL                                   135                  +                                              123=258
 
 
Atharva Veda Course of Study - Years 1 - 6
 
Section*
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
1
Sanskrit
Gopatha Brahmana
Atharva Veda Samhita****
Atharva Veda Samhita
Atharva Veda Samhita
Atharva Veda Shrouta & Grihya Sutras
2
English
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
3
Regional Language
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
4
Veda Introduction
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
5
Aitaraya Upanishad
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
6
Aitaraya Upanishad
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
7
Aitaraya Aranyakam
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
8
Aitaraya Aranyakam
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
9
Science, math,
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
10
Sanskrit, general suktas,
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
11
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
12
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
13
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
14
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
15
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
16
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
17
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
18
General Studies
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
Review
19
3 Upanishads*****
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
Review
20
3 Upanishads
G. Brahmana
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
Review
21
3 Upanishads
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Samhita
AV Sutras
 
22
Review**
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
23
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
24
Review
Review
Review
Review
Review
 
 
*1 Section = ½ lunar month; 24 sections = one year
**Review includes time for review of studies, also for holidays
***Prasana, Mundaka, Mandukya are the primary Upanishads studied 
****Atharva Veda Samhita can be studied in the Sippala or Sownaka branches
 
SMARTAM
 
This is a four year program for students.
 
SYLLABUS OF SMARTHAM COURSE - 4 YEARS
FIRST YEAR SYLLABUS
SANDHYA VANDANAM
BRAHMA YAGNAM
AGNI KARYAM
SNANA PRAKARNAM
BHASMA DHARANAM
GANAPATHI UPANISHATH
SARASWATHI SUKTHAM
AGNIM UKHAM
CHATUSHPATHRAM-PRATHARAUPASANAM
JAYADULU-PURNAHUTHI-AGNI PRADAKSHINAM
SEEKSHAVALLI
ANANDAVALLI BHRUGUVALLI
CHITTI
NARAYANAM
SAMGNANAM
TUBHYAM
LOKOSI
ARUNAM
SECOND YEAR SYLLABUS
SWADHYAYA BHRAHMANAM
GANAPATHI PUJA
PUNYAHOVACHANAM
PURUSHASUKTHAM
SRISUKTHAM
NEELASUKTHAM
MANYU SUKTHAM
NARAYANA SUKTHAM
MANTHRAPUSHPAM
NAMAKAM
CHAMAKAM
MAHANYASAM- LAGHUNYASAM
DASA SANTHULU-SAMRAJYA PATTABHISHEKAM NAVAGRAHARADHANA NAKSHTRESHTI-SWAHAKARAMULU
PUJAVIDHANAMULU
MUKHAVALOKANAM-SANTHI PEETHIKA
MAHASANKALPAM-CHURNIKA
MANGALASHTAKAMULU
MAMAGNE ANUVAKAM
ASEERVACHANA MANTHRALU
THIRD YEAR SYLLABUS
PUNASSANDHANAM
GARBHADANAM
PUMSAVANAM
SEEMANTHAM
JAATHAKARMA
SURYAVALOKANAM-NI SHKRAMANAM
KARNAVEDHA
NAAMAKARANAM
ANNA PRASANAM
AKSHRABHYASAM
ANUPANEETHA PRAYASCHITHAM
CHUDAKARANAM - ANKURARPANAM
UPAKARMA-VIRAJAHOMAM
PRAJAPATHYA VRATHAM
SAUMYAVRATHAM
AAGNEYAVRATHAM
VYSVADEVAVRATHAM
GODANAM
SNATHAKAM, VIVAIJAM
PRADHANAHOMAM
YADHRUTHADHIHOMAM
PRAVESA HOMAM
AGNEYA STHALIPAKA,AUPASANA,SADASYAM, SESHAHOMADULU,NAAKABALI
AGNI NASHTHA PRAYASCHITHAM
MAHA SAURAM, THRICHA VIDHANAM UDAKA SANTHI
FOURTH YEAR SYLLABUS
AAABDIKA MANTHRAM
ANNASUKTAM
ADHI SRAVANAM
PANCHANUVAKAMULU
MAHAALAYAM
VYSVADEVAM
SARPABALI
EESANABALI
AAGRAYANAM
HEMANTHAPRATHYAVAROHANAM
NAASI SRADHAM
ASHTHAKA, DADHYANJALI, ANVASHTHAKA, KUSHMANDA, GANAHOMAALU
MRUTHIKA SNANAM
SARVA PRAYASCHITHAM
SMARTHA YAGNAVIDHI
SARVAVRATHAVIDHI
MAHA SAHASRALLINGARCHANVIDHI
SHASHTIPURTHI-SAHASRA CHANDRA DARSHANA SANTHI-SATHAVARSHA SANTHI VIDHIKARIKALU
DHARMA SASTHRA PARIGNANAM
PITHRAMEDHAM APARAM
Festivals and Their Importance
 
Method of imparting higher learning or Veda adhyayanam:
As per tradition new students will be admitted on the full moon day of Sravana Purnima every year. The Acharyas conduct Viraja Homas to all the students. It is a purification process. And they will be given new Yagnopaveetha and orientation will be rendered.
Generally, the starting day in any paksha, means fortnight is from Dwiteeya second day from the new moon or full moon. New moon, padyami is the first day full moon and Padyami are holidays or called ana adhyayana days. So there will be a total 30 days in each fortnight in the imparting of higher learning being rendered.
 
METHOD I (Santha)
The Acharya will start imparting an adhyaya in the RG Veda or pannam in Krishna Yajur Veda, Adhaya in Sukla Yajur Veda, Kandas in Sama Veda, and Sukthas in Atharva Veda, will be imparted for ten days continuously.
Acharya will say one word or a few words according to the rhythm once, and the disciple will repeat it twice. In the RG veda the disciple has to repeat the mantra three times. This tradition will continue for that portion of the study prescribed for that biweek, for 10 days. In Sanskrit this is called Sandha.
METHOD II (Valli)
The disciple while learning the new mantras in the second fortnight will repeat word by word Ruk or Yajus 10 times in sequence. By that time the disciple will be able to memorize the mantra with intonation.
Next ten days this panasa will be repeated twice. This is called Ekarovvu. In the three days on each fortnight the acharya will pay individual attention and correct any wrong intonations of the disciple.
METHOD III
After three or four fortnights the old mantras will be recapitulated by the disciple and this method is called Aavruthi.
METHOD IV
The samhitha parts of the Vedas are divided as words and in that way the disciple will grasp proper words and then with conjuctions. Generally there are pannas and adhyayas or sukthas. In each pannanm there will be subdivisions as panasa.
Panasa means a combination of 50 words or also called paschat. These 50 words are being counted with fingers so that the mind will be focused with concentration. By this process that disciple will be able to find the fault in the panasa. By this technique two senses will concurrently work together.
METHOD V
In each adhyaya, pannan or sukthas there is an index called akkam. As mentioned earlier there are many panasas, sukthas, kanda. And this akkam is prepared with the end words of the panasa etc., by this while reciting the next panasa will able to come into memory.
METHOD VI
In the Veda a different indexing is also made. They are called chittas. By this index one can identify the panasa or adhyaya in a pannam or kanda or sukta. So the disciples or the acharyas once you give the starting of a mantra or word in a pannam they can able to recollect and able to recite. One method ten panasas make a Ghana and the beginning words of those 10 panasas is made as a chitta. By this chitta they can able to locate the panasa in any pannam or prashna. From the beginning of a Ghana of a panasa one can identify by the chitta.
In some panasas there are the same word in the beginning. In such circumstances one can start in one panasa and go into another one there fore theses are called kavalu (twins). In such circumstances they will make the chitta the first few with a few more words so that it will not switch from one to the other. By this kind of indexing similar beginning of words of a panasa can be accomplished without mistake. These chittas or akkams have no meaning. These are only indexing or also called anukramanika (sequences). The acharyas or the disciples who practiced with these indexes are able to locate the letter, word and swra for which it needs extra effort.
This kind of methodology of indexing can be seen in the panini ashtadhyayi sutra pata, Sayana Acharya veda bhashya sangraha. In the Ashtadhyai every 20 sutras are considered as a Ghana. Then they made the index of the sutras. In the viniyoga sangraha of Sayana indexing was made to the words too. By this method which mantra to be applied at what time during a yagna will be known. These are the very advanced technologies used in those days.
In the higher learning listening with attention of the sound waves is most important. The mind should be attentive and intusive. Then they repeat the sounds heard from the acharya so that the mind will not waiver.
To remember the subject matter chandas will help. Most of the ancient Sanskrit is in the form of chandas. Meaning full sutras will help to recapitulate the subject matter. Bhagawan Vyasa in his Brahma Sutras, saints Panini, Kanaada Gauthama, Pathanjali, Apasthamba compiled the knowledge in the form of sutras. That is why we have the Srouta Grihya Dharma Sutras to know the application part of the higher learning. Sutra means a garland of flowers or mantras. So if the disciples can remember the subject matter during the course of time the disciples forgot the meaning of the subject matter of the mantras. Then the scholars prepared commentaries on the higher learning.
In the higher learning or puranas there is a method of imparting as per Veda Vyasa:
METHOD VII
The method is the acharya will give a brief, like in the modern seminars, and then the disciple has to comprehend the expanded meaning of the subject. This method is called samasa. Vyasas method is like a commentary.
In the Mooladhara Chakra of the human beings the yogis develop methods to stop the thought in the mind (Chitta vrutthi nirodha). By the method of concentration at the throat or nishudha chakra one can develop a power to retain knowledge and this is called medha shakthi.
These are the various methods adopted by the ancients to retain the knowledge for many hours without any aid of the book.
 
Taitereeya Aranyakam
 
Anuvak
I Kandas
II Kandas
III Kandas
IV Kandas
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
7
3
4
4
1
3
2
3
3
2
2
5
2
4
4
3
3
5
2
4
3
3
3
 
5
5
4
5
9
9
5
 
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
5
2
4
5
2
 
 
60
15
42
28=145
 
 
Prapatakas
Anuvakas
Prapatakas
Anuvakas
1
2
3
4
5
32
20
21
42
12
6
7
8
9
10
12
12
9
10
80
 
127
 
127+123=250
 
 
 
Mahalakshmi Panduranga Malyala Institute of Spiritual Science, Higher Learning and Vedic Research School Day Schedule
4 am: Children wake up.
4:30 am: Bath
4:30 - 5:00 am: Sandhyavandanam
5:00 - 5:30 am: Nagara Sankertanam with cow
5:30 - 6:30 am: Homam
6:30 - 7:00 am: Abhishekam
7:00 - 7:45 am: Breakfast
8:00-11:00 am: Classes
11:00 -11:30 am: English, Math, Sanskrit, Telegu
11:30 -12:00 Noon: Sandhyavandanam
12:00 -12:15 pm: Lunch
12:15 -1:00 pm: Rest
1:00 - 4:00 pm: Classes
4:00 - 5:00 pm: Homam
5:00 pm: Snacks
5:00 - 6:00 pm: Playtime!
6:00 - 7:00 pm: Sandhyavandanam
7:00 - 7:30 pm: Bhajans
7:30 - 8:00 pm: Dinner
8:00 - 9:00 pm: Review of mantras
9:00 pm: Bedtime
NOTE: During summer, (March and April) homam will be performed between 6:00 - 7:00 pm.
 
First Year Course schedule
General
  1. Beeja aksharas-Sanskrit alphabets
  2. English alphabets
  3. One regional language
  4. Pedda Bala Shiksha
  5. General sciences
  6. Math
 
  1. Guru Stotram-santhi mantras
  2. Sai Baba’s 4 Harathis and ashtotras
  3. Ganapathy Atharva Seersham
  4. Aditya Hrudayam
  5. Viraja homam
  6. Trikal Sandhya Vandanam
  7. Brahma Yagnam
  8. Agni Karyam and Agni Suktham
  9. Hanuman Chaleesa
  10. Vishnu Sahasranamam
  11. Lalitha Sahasranamam
  12. Annapoorna Ashtakam
  13. Mahalakshmi Ashtakam-Krishna Ashtakam
  14. Moola Mantras
  15. Mrutyumjaya Mantram
  16. Ganapathi, Saraswathi, Mahalakshmi, Lalitha, Tulasi, Suvatchala, Go, Hanuman, Subramanyam and Sai Baba
  17. Kanakadhara Stotram
  18. Mahishasura Mardhini Stotram
  19. Bramharamba Ashtakam
  20. Bhagavad Geeta - 12 & 15 Chapters
  21. Sri Rama Raksha Stotram
  22. Dandakams-Ganapathi, Hanuman, Surya, SaiBaba and Shyamala
 
Ramayana, Eaka Sloka Bharata Bharatam, Gajendra Moksha Sloka Trayam, Ganga Stotram
Shatakams- Sumathi and Vemana
 
SECOND Year Course schedule
All students should have general education of the following
  1. Guru Stothram
  2. Ganapathi atharvana sstotram
  3. Go suktham
  4. Trisuparnam (Chanting before meals)
  5. Pancha suktas:-Purusha, Sri, Manyu, Neela, Bhoo
  6. Suktas: Medha, Narayana, Anna, Mantra pushpa, Navagraha mantras, Dasa shanthiulu, Samrajya pattabhisheka, nasadheeya, bhagya, agni, Vyswanara.
  7. Sunnala pannam
  8. Namakam chamakam, Pada kramam.
  9. Nakshatra ishti with upa homas and trayambaka aaradhana, Ashta dikpalaka vaahanas, vasthu purusha and Sathya narayana Vratham.
  10. For smartham: Taitereeya Upanishad, Sheeksha, anada, Bhrugu vallis, Narayanam, Chithi. 
Pancha katakas: Lokosi, Thubhyma, Swadhyaya brahmanam, arunam, SAMGNANAM
For all students from one ghana panasa from all the vedas shall be imparted for each paksha and the details will be taught.
 
Graduation ceremonies will be held at dassara time each year. examinations will be held by an examination monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, and annually.
 
Definition of a Brahmin
Chapter II, Verse 87 (The Ordinances of Manu),
Verbally translated by Sir William Jones and collated by Graves C. Haughton, June 1825) says:
"By the sole repetition of the Gayatri, a priest may indubitably attain beatitude, let him perform or not perform any other religious act; if he be maitra or a friend to all creatures, he is justly named Brahmmaa or united to the Great One." The very first verse of the chapter is, "Know that system of duties, which is revered by such as are learned in the Vedas, and impressed, as the means of attaining beatitude, on the hearts of the just, who ever exempt from hatred and inordinate affection."
Now, who can be taught the Vedas? Verse 109 defines these persons. "Ten persons may legally be instructed in the Veda; (i) the son of a spiritual teacher, (ii) a boy who is assiduous, (iii) one who can impart other knowledge, (iv) one who is just, (v) one who is pure, (vi) one who is friendly, (vii) one who is powerful, (viii) one who can bestow wealth, (ix) one who is honest and (x) one who is related by blood." The roster is clearly stated.
Baba says that a Brahmin is one who (a) is fully endowed with the satvaguna, (b) has understood and is established in the contemplation of Brahmatattva, (c) fosters spiritual, moral and progressive existence, and (d) enables others to enjoy the bliss of realizing their true nature of the Brahman within themselves.
 
The Brahmin is identified by his:
(1) The apparel: It should always be clean, changed after every bath, and worn in such a way that there are no loose ends. Silk is recommended for the reason that it produces minimal static electricity. The upper garment (ahgavastram) is not to be worn during personal or religious ceremonies. (2) The coiffure: (hair arrangement) the head must be washed while bathing, and the hair be tied neatly so that no strand is loose. Head should not be completely shaven, and at all times a tuft of hair behind the head and above the nape must be left unshaven. (Water going through the tuft is for the pitrus). (3) Religious mark on the forehead (tilak, sindur, vibhuti, urdva pundaram etc.): The marks must be well-drawn, and be adorned on the forehead along with the chanting of associated mantras. These marks are an aid to sadhana, and maintain a consciousness of the point of focus. Sindura applied on the forehead at the center or at the polar points of Ajna chakra activates it. Vermillion has the effect. (4) Food habits: Solid food is Brahma, liquid essence is Vishnu and the enjoyer of the repast is Iswara. The Trinity must always be invoked before any food is taken, for the purity of thought, word and deed. Almost all species live directly on what nature has to offer. Man is the only creature who enjoys food for its own sake. Only man is a gourmet who can cater to his palate. Vegetarian food not only promotes the satvic guna, but also less harmful even when cooked. Our ancestors used to eat twice and the sages ate only once. We invariably eat very much more than what is needed for the body, and excess eating results in sleeplessness, indigestion and a mental dullness, and many deleterious long-term effect on the system. Simple satvik food promotes spirituality. Fasting on the prescribed days helps to purify the atman and energizes the body. (5) Gayatri: The japam is constant companion of a Brahmin. (6) Performance of prescribed functions without fail.
To be born as a Brahmin is a blessing, and a result of many good deeds in the past. But the Brahmin has a special responsibility because his thoughts must dwell always on the welfare of all creation, and that on Brahman. He must work incessantly for these twin objectives, and every little action should be directed towards developing the discipline, steadfastness and energy that will help him to attain the two endeavours. Realizing the divinity within is possible only the mind is fully reined by constant chanting of the Gayatri mantra, the importance of which has been repeatedly stressed in the scriptures.
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